The British Araucana Club

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LARGE FOWL, (Tailed)

 

Origin: Chile

 

Classification: Light, Soft Feather

 

Egg Colour: Blue or green

 

When the Spaniards arrived in South America, bringing with them the light Mediterranean breeds, they found that the indigenous Indians had domestic fowl which soon cross-bred with the incomers.  Notable for their fierce resistance to the Spaniards, however, were the Indians of the Arauca province of northern Chile who were never conquered.  The name Araucana for the breed is derived therefore from that part of the world where the South American and European fowls had the least opportunity to interbreed.

 

The Araucana breed standard in the British Isles is generally as envisaged by George Malcolm who created the true-breeding lavender Araucana, among other colours, in Scotland during the 1930’s.  Araucanas are prolific layers of strong-shelled eggs, blue or green eggs having been reported from South America from the mid-sixteenth century onwards.  These are unique in that their colour permeates throughout the shell.

 

General Characteristics:    

 

Male:

 

Carriage:  Alert and active

 

Type:  Body long and deep, free from heaviness.  Firm in handling.  Back moderately long, horizontal.  Wings large and strong.  Tail well developed with full sickles carried at an angle of 45 degrees.

 

Head:  Moderately small.  Beak strong and stout.  Eyes bold.  Comb small triple pea.  Face covered with thick muffling and ear muffs abundant.  Crest compact, carried well back from eyes.  Ear-lobes moderately small and concealed by muffling.  Wattles absent.

 

Neck:  Of medium length, abundantly furnished with hackle feathers.

 

Legs and feet:  Medium length, strong and well apart.  Shanks free from feathers.  Toes, four, straight and well spread.

 

Female:

 

The general characteristics are similar to those of the male, allowing for the natural sexual differences.  Comb pea.

 

Colour

 

The Lavender

Male and female plumage:  An even shade of blue-grey throughout.

 

The Blue

 

Male plumage:  Breast, belly, thighs, tail and closed secondaries the colour of new slate.  Hackle, saddle and shoulders and sometimes the tail coverts and the primaries, two shades darker (like a slate after being wetted).  Fluff slate-blue.

 

Female plumage:  Blue slate colour with dark hackle like the male, often marked or laced all over with the darker shade.  Fluff slate-blue.

 

The Black-Red

 

Male plumage:  Breast, thighs, belly, tail and wings black.  Wing bars green-black: secondaries when closed bay.  Crest, head and neck orange-red striped black.  Back, shoulders and wing bow red or mahogany.  Saddle hackle to match neck hackle.  Fluff grey.

 

Female plumage:  Hackle rich golden yellow broadly striped with black.  Breast salmon.  Muff salmon.  Salmon and ash-grey on thighs.  Body colour brown pencilled black, each feather with a pale shaft.  Tail brown spotted or grizzled with black.  Fluff grey.

 

The Silver Duckwing

 

Male plumage:  Resembles the black-breasted red in the black markings and blue wing bars; rest of the plumage clear silvery white.  Fluff light grey.

 

Female plumage:  Hackle white, lightly striped black.  Body and wings even silvery grey.  Breast pale salmon.  Primaries and tail nearly black.  Fluff light grey.

 

The Golden Duckwing

 

Male plumage:  Hackle and saddle yellow straw.  Shoulders deep golden.  Wing bars steel blue; secondaries yellow or creamy straw when closed, remaining plumage black.  Fluff light grey.

 

Female plumage:  Breast deeper, richer colour and body slightly browner tinge than the silver duckwing female.  Fluff light grey.

 

The Blue-red

 

Male plumage:  The same colour pattern as the black-red with slate replacing black.  Breast, thighs, belly and tail slate.  Secondaries when closed bay.  Wing bar slate.  Hackle and saddle feathers orange-red with blue centre stripe.  Shoulders deep crimson-scarlet.  Fluff dark slate.

 

Female plumage:  Hackle golden striped.  Breast and muff salmon.  Body, wings and tail blue, finely peppered with golden brown.  Fluff dark slate.

 

The Pile

 

Male plumage:  The pile is marked exactly like the black-red except that the black is exchanged for a clear cream-white.  Secondaries bay.

 

Female plumage:  Creamy-white with salmon breast and golden striped hackle.

 

The Crele

 

Male and female plumage:  Neck hackle straw barred with gold or black.  Back and shoulder bright gold-chestnut barred with straw-yellow.  Wing bar dark grey barred with pale grey; primaries and secondaries dark grey barred with pale; outer web of secondaries chestnut, the chestnut only showing when wing closed.  Saddle hackle pale straw barred gold.  Breast and underparts dark grey.  Tail and tail coverts dark grey barred with light grey.  Legs and feet white, with some spotting allowed. Both single and double barred acceptable in the male

 

The Spangled

 

Male and female plumage:  These have white tips to their feathers.  The more of these spots and the more regularly they are distributed the better.  The male should show white ends to the feathers on hackle and saddle.  The colour may be red, black or brown, or a mixture of all three.  Fluff white.

 

The Cuckoo

 

Male and female plumage:  Light grey-blue ground colour, each feather crossed with broad bands of dark blue-grey.  In the male, a lighter shade is permissible.  Undercolour banded but of a lighter shade.  Beak light horn or bluish.  Legs and feet white with blue spots.

 

The Black

 

Male and female plumage:  Black with green sheen.

 

The White

 

Male and female plumage:  Snow-white throughout.

 

 

In box sexes and all colours:

 

Comb and face bright red.  Eyes dark orange.  Beak and nails horn.  Legs in all colours except cuckoo, willow to olive or slate.

 

Weights

 

Male           2.70-3.20kg (6-7lb)

Female       2.25-2.70kg (5-6lb)

 

Scale of Points

Type and carriage           20

Crest and muffling          25

Comb                              10

Other head points          5

Feet and legs                  5

Colour                              20

Condition & handling    15

                                       100

 

Serious defects

 

Cut-away breast.  Crest too small or too large e.g. Poland type obscuring the sight.  Comb lopped or twisted.  Any comb other than minimal in female.  Pearl or light coloured eyes.  Legs other than standard colour.  Uneven or splashed breast colour.  In males white base in tail.  In lavenders any straw or brassy tinge. Feet – Duck footed or bent toes.

 

Disqualifications

 

Roach back.  Wry or squirrel tail. Absence of crest or muffling. Comb other than of pea type. Presence of wattles. Feathered legs.

 

BANTAM. (Tailed)

 

The standard to be an exact miniature of the large fowl.

 

Weights

 

Male          740-850g (26-30oz)

Female      680-790g (24-28oz

 

Serious defects

 

As large fowl

 

 

RUMPLESS

 

LARGE FOWL

 

Origin: Chile

 

Classification: Light, Soft Feather

 

Egg Colour:  Blue or green

 

The Rumpless Araucana also has its origins in South America.  It was introduced to Europe by Professor S. Castello in the early 1920’s.  The ear-tufts of feathers are unique to the breed in that they grow from a fleshy pad adjacent to the ear-lobe.  Rumpless Araucanas lay a large egg in relation to body size and are as productive as the tailed Araucanas.

 

General Characteristics:

 

Male

 

Carriage:  Alert, active and assured.

 

Type:  Body moderate in length, broad at shoulders.  Back flat and slightly sloped.  Rump well rounded with saddle feathers flowing over stern.  Breast full, round and deep.  Wings medium in length, carried close to the body and well up.  Saddle hackle well developed.  Tail entirely absent, with no uropygium (parson’s nose).

 

Head:  Moderately small.  Beak medium stout, curved.  Eyes bold and expressive.  Comb small pea.  Face moderate muffling.  Ear-lobes small and concealed by ear-tufts.  These originate from a gristly appendage arising from behind and just below the ear hole.  The tufts of feathers, numbering from 5 to 15, grow from this pad.  The tufts should be of a good length, matching in size and extending from the ears backwards in a well-defined sweep, or projecting horizontally.  Wattles very small.

 

Neck:  Medium length, well furnished with hackle feathers.

 

Legs and feet:  Medium in length, straight and well set apart.  Toes, four, strong and well spread.

 

Female

 

The general characteristics are similar to those of the male, allowing for the natural sexual differences.

 

Colour

 

Standard colours as for tailed variety

 

In both sexes and all colours

Eyes dark orange.  Legs and feet willow to olive or slate.

 

Weights

Excess weight to be penalised.

Male                 5lb - 6lb

Female           3.5lb - 4.5lb

 

Scale of points

Type and carriage         20

Ear-tufts                          25  

Comb                               5

Other head points         5

Feet and legs                 5

Colour                             15

Condition & handling   25

                                      100

Serious defects

 

Unmatched ear-tufts.  Shape other than standard, e.g. narrow body.  Any tail feathers (incomplete rumpless).  Fluff showing below saddle hackle. Legs other than standard colour. Pearl or light coloured eye. No ear Tufts.

 

Disqualifications

Single ear-tuft, crest.  Uropygium (parson’s nose). Roach back, cut away breast. Comb other than triple pea comb. Feathered Legs. Presence of wattles.

 

BANTAM

 

These should be a true miniature of the large Rumpless Araucana.  As the large Rumpless fowl is historically and naturally a small breed, it follows that great care must be taken to keep the bantams within the approved weight limits.  Colours as tailed variety

 

Weights

Excess weight to be penalised.

Male            38oz - 46oz

Female       28oz - 36oz

Breed Standards...